An adult human being has 32 teeth, and all these have their teeth names & numbers which are given based on their set, arch, class, type, and side.
There are two sets of teeth in human beings, one set is primary or baby teeth and permanent or adult teeth. The set of teeth that replaces primary teeth are called succedaneous or permanent dentition which is a group name.
Teeth Names are also given depending on the arch a tooth is found in; maxillary is the name given to the teeth in the upper jaw and mandibular to those in the lower jaw.
There are four classes of teeth namely: incisors, canines, premolars and wisdom teeth.
Children teeth are otherwise known as deciduous teeth also have the same names except for wisdom teeth which normally come out at the age of eighteen.
The upper teeth of the adult have the following names:
- Central Incisors.
- Lateral Incisors.
- Canine (cuspid).
- First premolar (first bicuspid).
- Second premolar (second bicuspid).
- First Molar.
- Second Molar.
- Third molar (wisdom teeth).
The lower teeth consist of third molar (wisdom teeth), second molar, first molar, second premolar (first bicuspid), canine (cuspid), lateral incisor and nuclear incisor.
Also, baby teeth also have their names which include the following upper teeth: central incisor, lateral incisor, canine (cuspid), first molar and second molar.
The lower teeth names are second molar, first molar, canine (cuspid) lateral incisor and central incisor.
Teeth Names and Locations
Teeth names locations are in each quadrant of the mouth. Each of the quadrants contains eight permanent teeth namely: 2 incisors, one cuspid, two bicuspids and three molars.
The central incisor is located to the side of the midline because it is centrally placed in the arch.
Beside the central incisor is the lateral incisor. It is followed by the cuspid and the two bicuspids (the first and the second bicuspid).
The last three molars followed the second bicuspid. Also, teeth are located by referring to them as either anterior or posterior.
The anterior teeth are located in the front of the mouth (the incisors and the cuspids). They are also visible when a person smiles.
On the other hand, the posterior teeth are located at the back of the mouth (bicuspids and molars). To facilitate easy identification of each tooth, the names and numbers are not enough; each tooth needs to be identified through the quadrant it belongs.
Teeth Names in Human Mouth
Teeth names in human mouth are given according to their anatomic shape or letter or number.
Their names should be recognized fully to avoid confusion and to facilitate quality dental care (for example, right mandibular second molar).
Given that there are four-second molars, naming the quadrant (right mandibular) which specifies the second molar makes it easy to recognize.
The human teeth are arranged symmetrically in the mouth, and it is possible to know them by names. Read more about human teeth names and their functions in this post.
Dentists have designated each tooth with name hence, teeth names in English. Cuspids are synonymous with canines while bicuspids are also known as premolars.
Six-year molar is also called first permanent molar. The twelve-year molar is used synonymously with second permanent molar while the wisdom teeth (so called because of their late eruption) are called third molars.
The teeth in the front of the mouth such as incisors, lateral incisors, and canines are called anterior teeth.
Posterior teeth comprise of teeth located in the back of the mouth, and they are known as premolars and molars. The mandibular is the name given to the teeth in the lower jaw, while maxillary is the group name of the teeth in the upper jaw.
|Upper Right Quadrant|
|Teeth Numbers||Teeth Names|
|6||Canine (Eye tooth / Cuspid)|
|3||Molar (1st Molar)|
|2||Molar (2nd Molar)|
|1||Wisdom Tooth (3rd Molar)|
|Upper Left Quadrant|
|Teeth Numbers||Teeth Names|
|11||Canine (Eye tooth / Cuspid)|
|14||Molar (1st Molar)|
|15||Molar (2nd Molar)|
|16||Wisdom Tooth (3rd Molar)|
|Lower Left Right|
|Teeth Numbers||Teeth Names|
|32||Wisdom Tooth (3rd Molar)|
|31||Molar (2nd Molar)|
|30||Molar (1st Molar)|
|27||Canine (Eye tooth / Cuspid)|
|Lower Left Quadrant|
|Teeth Numbers||Teeth Names|
|17||Wisdom Tooth (3rd Molar)|
|18||Molar (2nd Molar)|
|19||Molar (1st Molar)|
|22||Canine (Eye tooth / Cuspid)|
Teeth Names and Positions
Teeth name position in the mouth makes it easier for the dentists to identify them for treatment. The shapes of the teeth help in positioning them.
Teeth are given names by the positions they occupy in the mouth. Each of these teeth is either positioned in the lower jaw or upper jaw.
Those who are in the lower jaw are known as mandibular, and those in the upper jaw are identified as maxillary.
Also, the side of the face (i.e., right or left) the teeth are positioned determines their names. The maxillary incisor is positioned distally from both maxillary central incisors of the mouth and mesially from both maxillary canines.
Mandibular central incisor is situated in the jaw adjacent to the midline of the face. The mandibular lateral incisor is placed distally from both mandibular central incisor and mesially from a mandibular canine.
The maxillary and mandibular canines are positioned three teeth from the midline, and they separate the premolar from the incisors.
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Teeth Names and Their Functions
Human teeth names are associated with their functions. The teeth are categorized into four; they have the typical appearance and perform specific option.
They perform these functions according to their shapes and morphology.
Human species are omnivorous because they eat both plant and meat and this particular characteristic demands two specific types of teeth namely; incisors also referred to as cutting teeth are used to cut foods into smaller pieces to facilitate inward movement into the mouth.
Of this type are also canines which are also known as eye teeth or cuspids, they have sharp and pointed edges which are used for chewing and grinding, they can also pierce and rip at the edge of the cusps.
The most important function is that they start grinding the foods before transferring it to the molars for final grinding and swallowing.
The work of the dentist is made simpler because of the teeth names which are associated with their functions.
Interesting Facts About Lower Teeth Names in Human Mouth
The mount consists of several parts: including tongue, gums, teeth, lips, cheeks, palate, and floor of the mouth.
The teeth are held within the jaw bones and serve several vital functions beyond permitting you to chew.
Your teeth permit you to speak clearly and properly and contribute to your facial appearance and shape.
Children have 20 primary teeth and start to grow their first actual teeth by age 6. Adults typically grow 32 actual teeth.
Names of Lower Teeth in Human Mouth
The area of the tooth nearest to the tongue is referred as the lingual surface.
For the face teeth, the area nearest to the lip is known as the labial surface. For the back teeth (premolars and molars), the area that faces the checks is known as buccal surface, and the chewing place is known as the occlusal surface.
There are different kinds of actual teeth, each of which performs a unique function:
- Canines: The canine teeth are the quick teeth placed on either part of the incisors side. Canine teeth (also called as cuspids) job combine with the incisors to bite and tear food.
- Lateral incisors: The four lateral incisors are placed next to the middle incisors on both arches, one on either side. These teeth have fast incisal edges used for tearing food.
- Central Incisors: The middle incisors are the face teeth. Adults have four middle incisors; 2 on the lower and two on the upper arches. These teeth are fast and shaped like a chisel for cutting food.
- Premolars: The premolars (also called as bicuspids) and the eight teeth placed next to the cuspids; 2on each side of the mouth, four on the lower arches and four on the upper arches. These teeth are little than the molars and have two cups on the biting location for crushing and tearing food.The premolars nearest to the incisors are known as the initial premolars, while the ones nearest to the molars are known as the 2nd premolars.
- Molars: Molars are the big teeth with four cups placed in the mouth back behind the premolars. Adults have 12 molars, with 6 in the lower and 6 in the upper arches; 3 on each side of the mouth. Molars have flat, wide surfaces for chewing, biting, and grinding food.
- Wisdom teeth: which are added among the molars are the final four molars that most adults grow. These teeth are placed in the extreme back of the mouth, 2 in the upper and 2 in the lower arches. Wisdom teeth erupt during the teen years but can grow at any time.Not all wisdom teeth need extraction. Anyway, due to the danger of infection, overcrowding, or misalignment, your dentist may plan that your wisdom teeth should be deleted.
The gingiva is the general tissue in the mouth called as the gums that cover the bone-gripping the teeth in location. The gingival surrounds the teeth and grips the jaw bone, making a security barrier.
5 Facts About Teeth Names and Numbers
Before your next go to the dentist, it is vital to know the makeup of your teeth. The initial function of human teeth is to support digest food by breaking it down and chewing it.
Teeth are also vital for ensuring actual speech, and they can be indicators of health issues elsewhere in the body. A persons 20 baby or primary teeth are eventually changed by an adult, permanent teeth.
The average adult has thirty-two actual teeth. According to the American Dental Association, each tooth is made of several parts: enamel, dentin, cementum, and pulp. The list of teeth names, their functions, and their development are as follows:
- Incisors. Incisors are a Person with eight front teeth, with four on top and four on the bottom. The 2 in the center are the middle incisors, while the two on either side of the central incisors are known as lateral incisors. These initial teeth are later changed by the same number of adult incisors.
- The big function is to bite food. Babies grow their incisors at approximately six months old. After the initial incisors fall out between ages 6 and 8, the actual incisors emerge.
- Canines. Canines are fast teeth placed outside the incisors. Adults and children have four canines, two on the top and two on the bottom, to support tear their food. Canine’s primary appears when a kid is approximately 16 to 20 months old. The actual lower canines come in at approximately ten years old, and top canines erupt between 11 and 13 years old.
- Premolars. Premolars also knew as bicuspids can tear and chew food. They are somewhat flat with ridges on the peak, and there are four on each side. The premolars are completely developed by approximately 10 to 11 years of age.
- Molars. Molars also grind and chew food, yet they are powerful than premolars, and the job with the tongue to support swallow food. These 12 teeth are placed in the mouth back, and they start to appear in kids at approximately 12 to 15 months old.
Then the actual molars come in, first at approximately six years old, and the second molars rise in children between 11 and 12 years old.
The 5th type of tooth that is somewhat rare in most people is the 3rd molar, also referred to as a wisdom tooth. People grow 3rd molars approximately age 18 or 20 if they grow them at all. Many people have them deleted if they cause overcrowding or pain in the mouth. In case you need a tooth deleted, consult a dentist to make sure success.
Try to clean your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least two times a day. It is especially vital to clean before you go to bed.
The top way to brush is to move in small circles, go around until you have covered every side of every tooth. You should brush the space between teeth with a string known as dental floss at least once a day. It deletes plaque and food that get stuck between them.
If you have any questions, contact us or call us at (844) 848 7878, we are here to help you!