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Gaps Between Teeth: Causes and Solutions!

How to fix gap in front teeth

How to fix a tooth gap? Well, if you have a front tooth gap that lowers your self-esteem, making you more reluctant to smile, keep reading.

Gapped teeth might be due to many reasons such as dental habits, genetics, the size of your teeth and mouth, among others.

The good news is that patients with gapped teeth have several alternatives, both orthodontics and cosmetic, to eradicate this.

Perhaps some people tell gapped teeth patients that they are in fashion and that Maddona has gapped teeth too. However, not all of us can live with it.

Some options involve moving your teeth overtime to fill in spaces.

This is often seen in young children and tends to correct themselves over time when baby teeth change for the final dentition.

But if the problematic teeth are still there at a certain age, dentists can add or cover them for a better look.

While some are happy with the childish aspect that these gaps give them, it becomes a more complicated situation for others.

And they prefer to carry out a treatment that closes the spaces between their teeth.

But more than aesthetic problem gaps can turn out to be a direct threat to our oral health.

But well review that later in this article. Let’s first examine the most common causes of tooth gaps and how to fix them.


Most Common Causes of Tooth Gaps and How to Fix It


Cause #1 Lower Insertion of the Upper Lip Frenulum


gap between teeth

Photo by www.buteeth.com.ua


The upper lip frenulum is a membrane that connects the inside of the upper lip to the gum.

When this frenulum has had an abnormal growth and is larger than usual, it goes down to the two upper central incisors and prevents them from coming together, forming a gap between the teeth.

When the gap is due to the low insertion of the frenulum, correcting a combined orthodontic and frenectomy treatment is needed.

How to Fix It

  • Orthodontics: the tooth gap can be closed with any treatment: metal brackets, sapphire brackets, Incognito, and Invisalign lingual brackets.
  • Frenectomy: it is a minor surgery that is carried out under local anesthesia. It consists of cutting the frenulum and later giving stitches so that the wound closes and heals.

Cause #2 Disproportion Between the Size of the Maxillary Bone and the Teeth


Disproportion Between the Size of the Maxillary Bone and the Teeth

Photo by www.pocketdentistry.com


Separate teeth can also appear when the jawbone has grown too large and is too wide for the teeth.

As the teeth are proportionally smaller than the maxillary bone, they don’t fill the entire width of the bone, and spaces are produced.

In this case, the gaps can be generalized or located between teeth in the mouth.

Depending on the specific case of the patient, they can be corrected in several ways.


How to Fix It 

  • Orthodontics: the treatment moves the teeth to try to close the spaces.
  •  Veneers or composite reconstructions: these treatments fill the space between the teeth. Veneers are often placed on the upper lateral incisors.


Cause #3 Sucking Thumbs or Pushing the Tongue Against the Teeth


Sucking Thumbs or Pushing the Tongue Against the Teeth

Photo by www.pdova.com


Thumb sucking is one of the main reasons for spaces between teeth.

Pushing the tongue against teeth as part of a dental habit can be a reason as well.

In this case, the gaps can be between the upper central incisors.

This gesture can be due to simple habit or because the tongue is too big (macroglossia).

Although this movement seems harmless, children who do it during their childhood have more possibilities of developing gaps between their teeth.

As in the previous case, the gaps between teeth can be closed with orthodontics, veneers, or composite reconstructions.

Now let’s take a more in-depth view of the solutions on how to fix a tooth gap.


Porcelain Veneers to Fix Gapped Teeth



Porcelain veneers offer an effective solution with highly aesthetic results.

They provide the tooth with the desired shape, color, and size, and help the patient achieve a natural and aesthetic smile.

The veneers are usually made of composite or porcelain, each with specific characteristics and resistance.

But both fulfill their main objective: to correct tooth separation.


The Use of Veneers to Solve Tooth Separation is Indicated in the Following Cases:

  • When there is a disproportion between the size of the maxillary bone and teeth. In such a circumstance, the gaps can be generalized or located between any pair of teeth in the oral cavity.
  • On the contrary, when the tongue’s pressure produces the separation against the teeth, the spaces are localized.

The mission of veneers is to hide the empty spaces and give the patient a smile they want.




Photo by www.kevinobrienorthoblog.com


Orthodontic treatments are an effective method for any of the problems that tooth separation form.

Unfortunately, it takes more time to start seeing results.

Most patients want instant results, and this is why they prefer not to choose this alternative to eliminate spaces between their teeth.

It is necessary to keep in mind that, in many cases, the spaces between the teeth are not solved through a single treatment.

Sometimes patients need two procedures to close their spaces fully.

The person has a wide variety of devices at their disposal, depending on their needs: from metal brackets to invisible orthodontics (lingual) or transparent aligners (Invisalign).


Frenectomy, the Removal of a Frenulum


Photo by www.periolife.com


Frenectomy is a minimally invasive surgery whose mission is to correct the abnormal growth of the labial frenulum.

This uniqueness causes a localized gap between the two pallets, and sometimes it is necessary to combine two treatments.

After the operation, sometimes there can be a small interdental space that will have to be closed using orthodontics.


How Can Widely Spaced Teeth Have a Negative Impact in your Oral Health



Most patients visit a dentist to get rid of the gap achieving the smile they want.

However, what they might not realize at the moment, is that gapped teeth impact their physical health as well.

We agree that spaced teeth can harm your self-esteem and self-confidence. If left untreated, those spaces can cause havoc in your oral health.

Gapped teeth can be genetic, or it can be developed over time during childhood due to dental habits such as sucking thumbs.

What do we mean with dental habits? Well, thrusting the tongue between the teeth can cause spaces.

It can also be the result of the jaw being significantly larger than usual and teeth, striving to cover up those spaces, develop the gaps.

Oral care and hygiene is the main issue for patients with gapped teeth. It may seem as though it is simple to clean, brush, and floss between the spaces.

But it is not as easy as you think. Food and bacteria can get caught easily to your gums and teeth. It becomes a breeding area for tartar, bacteria, and plaque.

This may cause your teeth and gums tp weaken, and diseases like periodontitis may appear.

If you let tartar and plaque build-up over, it may lead to even more significant problems beyond just tooth decay.

All this, believe it or not, can lead to more severe health complications such as heart diseases.

Gapped teeth can also cause a misaligned bite causing the teeth to shift and move of place.

Patients with misaligned teeth may experience extreme pain in their jaws, ears, and foreheads.

Even chewing food can become a tough task. Teeth may tend to hit with more strength, and in some cases, causing teeth to break into tiny pieces or become cracked.

Another issue that gapped teeth can cause is problems digesting food as the chewing becomes a problem, which may lead to swallowing huge chunks of food.


More Problems that Diastemas can Cause to your Health


Female dentist shows problem on x-ray picture

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay (cavities) is when a tooth receives damage

by decay-causing bacteria residing in the mouth. The bacteria make acids that attack the tooth’s surface or enamel. This can lead to a small hole in a tooth, called a cavity.


Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease (periodontal disease) that causes irritation, redness, and swelling (inflammation) of your gingiva. It is the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. 

It’s important to take gingivitis seriously and treat it promptly. Gingivitis can lead to much more severe gum disease called periodontitis and tooth loss.


Periodontitis is a stage of gum disease you don’t want to experience.

It is a chronic inflammatory disease triggered by bacterial microorganisms and involves a severe chronic inflammation that causes the destruction of the tooth-supporting tissue and can lead to tooth loss. It can also cause other health problems.  


Known as chronic bad breath – is something that mints, mouthwash, or a proper brushing can’t solve. 

Unlike “morning breath” or a strong smell that lingers after a tuna sandwich, halitosis remains for an extended time and maybe a more severe sign of something.


The Bottom Line on How to Fix a Tooth Gap

Schedule your appointment at Trust Dental Care and let our dental specialists in Tijuana, Mexico, clear all your doubts about this problem and provide you the best solution. 

If you have separated teeth, don’t ignore this problem, it is more than just an aesthetic issue, and as you have read, it can lead to some serious issues in our oral health. 

Dr. Cirenia Aparicio
Dr. Cirenia Aparicio
Dr. Cirenia Aparicio Miranda is our dentist in Tijuana and is hands down the best Mexico dentist. Distinguished by being one of the few members of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, Dr. Aparicio Miranda ́s work is synonymous with excellence and quality. She is a Mexico dentist accredited by the AACD and U.S. licensed dentist. With over 20 years of experience in the field of dentistry, Dr. Aparicio Miranda has changed the lives of thousands through her devotion to Dentistry and tender care.

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